Things You Need To Know About Android (Operating System)
Things You Need To Know About Android
Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google, based on the linex kernel and designed primarily for touch screen mobile devices such as Smartphones and tablets. Android user interface is mainly based on direct manipulation, using touch gestures that loosely correspond to real-world actions, such as swiping, tapping and pinching, to manipulate on-screen objects, along with a virtual keyboard for text input. In addition to touchscreen devices, Google has further developed Android TV for televisions, Android Auto for cars, and for wrist watches, each with a specialized user interface. Variants of Android are also used on game consoles, digital cameras, PCs and other electronics.
|Written in||java (UI), c (core), c++|
|Source model||Open source andd in most devices with proprietory components|
|Initial release||September 23, 2008|
|Letest release||8.0.0 “Oreo” / August 21, 2017|
|Letest preview||8.1.0 “Oreo” / October 25, 2017|
|Marketing target||Smartphones, tablets computers, Android TV, Android auto and Android wear|
|Available in||100+ languages|
|Package Maneger||APK (primarily through Google play; installation of APKs also possible locally or from alternative sources such as F- Droid)|
|Platforms||32- and 64-bit ARM, x86, x86-64, MIPS and MIPS64|
|Karnel type||Monolithic (modified Linux kernel)|
|Userland||Bionic libc, mkshshell, Toybix as core utilities beginning with Android 6.0, previously native core utilities with a few from NetBSD|
|Default user interface||Graphical (multi-touch)|
|License||Apache License 2.0
GNU GPL v2 for the Linuxkernelmodifications kernel modifications
Initially developed by Android Inc., which Google bought in 2005, Android was unveiled in 2007, along with the founding of the open handset allience – a consortium of hardware, software, and telecommunication companies devoted to advancing open standards for mobile devices. Beginning with the first commercial Android device in September 2008, the operating system has gone through multiple major releases, with the current version being 8.0 “Oreo” released in August 2017. Android applications (“apps”) can be downloaded from the Google Play store, which features over 2.7 million apps as of February 2017. Android has been the best-selling OS on tablets since 2013, and runs on the vast majority of smartphones. As of May 2017, Android has two billion monthly active users, and it has the largest installed base of any operating system.
Android’s source code is released by Google under an open source license, although most Android devices ultimately ship with a combination of free and open source and proprietary software, including proprietary software required for accessing Google services. Android is popular with technology companies that require a ready-made, low-cost and customizable operating system for high-teck devices. Its open nature has encouraged a large community of developers and enthusiasts to use the open-source code as a foundation for community-driven projects, which deliver updates to older devices, add new features for advanced users or bring Android to devices originally shipped with other operating systems. The extensive variation of hardware in Android devices causes significant delays for software upgrades, with new versions of the operating system and security patches typically taking months before reaching consumers, or sometimes not at all. The success of Android has made it a target for patent and copyright litigation between technology companies.
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